A Brief Introduction to Datong

A Brief Introduction to Datong

Release Time: 2017-01-09
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Datong is located in the very north of Shanxi Province at the junction of Shanxi Province, Hebei Province and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Regionbetween the inner and outer Great Wall. Datong is the second largest city in Shanxi Province and one of the first group of twenty four historic and ancient cities of China proclaimed by the State Council. The city is rated as ‘Top Tourist City of China’ and ‘the 9th ancient capital of China’. Covering an area of 14,100 square kilometers, it has a population of 3.4 million. Datong city has jurisdiction over four districts and six counties, these are the Pingcheng,Yungang,Yunzhou, Xinrong districts and Zuoyun,  Yanggao, Tianzhen, Hunyuan, Guangling and Lingqiu counties. Datong is located at latitude 40° north at an average height above sea level of 1,000 meters. It experiences a continental monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, cold and dry in winter, cool in spring and autumn, moderate in summer with an average temperature of 20, thus it enjoys a reputation of summer resort. Datong has a history spanning over 2,300 years. During the Warring States Period (475BC-221BC), the region which forms present day Datong was under the rule of King Zhao Wuling who was famous for one important political event-reforms consisting of ‘wearing barbarian uniform and the use of cavalry in battle’. King Zhao Wuling set up three prefectures in present day Datong, namely Yunzhong, Yanmen and Dai Prefectures. After the Qin, Han and West Jin Dynasty, Datong experienced its golden age in the ancient period as the capital city of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), as the western Capital of a further two dynasties which were the Liao (907-1125) and Jin (1115-1234) Dynasties, and as a city of strategic importance in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The most glamorous time of the city in ancient times was during the period when Datong became the capital city of northern China for nearly one hundred years in the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) with six emperors and one king in power successively. During this period Datong was the political, economic and cultural center of northern China. From time immemorial, the forefathers of different nationalities have lived on this land creating a profound ancient culture and magnificent cultural relics. In recent years, the Datong Communist Party Committee and the Datong Municipal Government have set out to place Datong as the regional hub linking the capital, Beijing, to its east, Shanxi Province to the south and Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region and Russian to the north by adopting a principle of building beautiful, rich and happy city. Datong, an ancient capital city with unique charm and a famous cultural city full of energy now presents with a new face to the world.

  Chinese Edited and English Translated by Datong Foreign and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office

                                               English Revised By Adrian Frost (UK)

大同概覽

大同位于山西省北部,晉、冀、蒙交界處,介于內外長城之間,是山西省第二大城市,國務院首批公布的24個歷史文化名城之一,獲得中國優秀旅游城市中國第九大古都稱號。大同國土總面積1.41萬平方公里,總人口340萬。下轄平城區、云岡區、云州區、新榮區四個區,左云、陽高、天鎮、渾源、廣靈、靈丘六個縣。大同地處北緯40度,平均海拔一千米以上,從而形成了明顯的溫帶大陸性季風氣候,四季分明,冬季寒冷干燥,春秋涼爽,夏季氣候溫和,平均氣溫為20,素有避暑勝地的美稱。大同已有2300多年的建城史,自戰國時期趙武靈王胡服騎射,置云中、雁門、代郡以來,大同歷經秦漢西晉,曾以北魏京師,遼金陪都,明清重鎮而聞名華夏。特別是北魏建都平城(大同)近百年,歷經六帝一王,魏都平城成為中國北方政治、經濟、文化中心,盛極一時。遼金時大同為陪都,元設大同路,明為九邊重鎮。幾千年來,各族人民在大同這片沃土生息,繁衍和交融,共同創造了燦爛的古代文明,留下了極為豐富的歷史人文景觀。近年來,大同市委市政府以打造東承首都、西接絲路、南貫三晉、北通蒙俄的區域性中心城市為基本定位,同心同力建設美麗大同、富裕大同、幸福大同。大同,這座特具魅力的歷史古都和充滿活力的文化名城,正以嶄新的容顏展現在世人面前。

                                                       大同市政府外事僑務辦公室編譯

                                                                     Adrian Frost()英語審校

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